Limbaj și comunicare în contextul TSA: mituri și evidențe

Limbaj și comunicare în contextul TSA: mituri și evidențe

Language and communication: myths and evidences

Raluca Nicoleta TRIFU, Carolina BODEA HAŢEGAN, Bogdana MICLEA

Autism spectrum disorder is a very common developmental disorder nowadays. CPLOL celebrated speech and language therapy day on the 6th of March and dedicated this day to Communication in Autism. Based on this, we prepared a workshop within our association (ASTTLR) under this theme where ASD was approached based on the language myths and on the language evidences. The fallowing myths and evidences were discussed based on significant studies in the field: echolalia, language idiosyncrasy, personal pronoun usage, gestures, the gap between receptive and expressive language. Conclusions underlined that language development can be an important indicator in ASD, but it must be carefully approached as not all specific language development features can be by themselves diagnostic criteria.

Keywords:autism spectrum disorder, speech and language disorders, social-pragmatic communication disorder, echolalia, language idiosyncrasy, personal pronoun

DOI: 10.26744/rrttlc.2019.5.1.11

Published on line: 31/03/2019
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Hearing processing features in autism spectrum disorders

Particularităţi ale procesării auditive în contextul tulburărilor din spectrul autist

Hearing processing features in autism spectrum disorders

Diana Loredana PINKO

It is known that children with ASD presents specific features of auditory processing and this research revealed that there is a close connection between hyposensitivity or hypersensitivity to auditory stimuli, which are responsible (for children with ASD) adopting stereotyped behaviours.
The assessment revealed that children with ASD, have a very fine hearing and they do not have problems with pronunciation of sounds at the level of words. Therefore it is clear that hyposensitivity or hypersensitivity to auditory stimuli is not caused by hearing problems, but that there are some irregularities in the processing of stimuli in the brain, in children with ASD. This means that these children hear but cannot gather certain information from the environment in a global way.
The child has difficulties in adapting to the environment he lives; his nervous system is in a state of imbalance. The brain fails to manage environmental information and does not know where to integrate them so the child could no longer cope with. Because of this the child may have a different reaction to auditory stimuli and behaviours they are engaged include: impulsiveness, stereotypes, inappropriate behaviours.
These behaviours are used by the child to try to reduce hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity, as a way of trying to cope with the environmental world, which he does not understand it.

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, auditory processing, auditory processing disorder, hyposensitivity, hypersensitivity.

DOI: 10.26744/rrttlc.2016.2.2.10

Published on line: 15/10/2016


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