Abordarea interdisciplinară a despicăturilor facio-labio-palatine

Abordarea interdisciplinară a despicăturilor facio-labio-palatine

Interdisciplinary approach to facio-labio-palatine clefts

Ioana Mădălina ORIAN

Labio-maxillo-palatine clefts represent the most common congenital anomaly of all congenital malformations of the face and they are the most frequent cause of rhinolic disorders. The complexity of the therapeutic approach is determined by nutrition and eating problems, hearing and ENT problems, dento-facial and orthodontic abnormalities, breathing disorders, phonation disorders, reduced speech intelligibility, various physiognomic disorders.
The presented case study emphasizes the need of an interdisciplinary approach to labio-maxillo-palatine clefts and follows the recovery process from a multidisciplinary perspective. The conclusions of the paper support the idea that the recovery process of the child with facio-labio-palatine cleft is a complex, long-termed one and the concern of the speech and language therapist to expand his field of activity is justified because this disorder involves pre and post surgery intervention and the therapist supports the entire process in all the mentioned areas.

Keywords: labio-maxillo-palatine cleft, open rhinolalia, orthodontic devices, speech intelligibility, speech disorder

"/pdfDOI: 10.26744/rrttlc.2021.7.1.04

Published on line: 31/03/2021
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Reabilitarea preoperatorie sau pregatirea fizica inainte de operatie


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Rinolalia deschisă în context sindromic și non-sindromic

Rinolalia deschisă în context sindromic și non-sindromic

Rhinolalia aperta in a syndromic and non-syndromic context


This article describes the results obtained in a research which study the symptomatology of open rhinolalia in syndromic and non-syndromic context.
Open rhinolalia represents a real, complex, less common problem with major implications for language development, both organic and functional, and whose diagnosis, evaluation and intervention approach is poorly known and adopted in speech therapy practice.
The approach in the research of both the specifics of non-syndromic rhinolalia and syndromic rhinolalia aims at identifying the particularities and symptoms of this speech disorder and focuses mainly on the identification of the degree of development of expressive language and the intelligibility of speech, but also on finding the level and the type of the associated voice disorder and the similarities and differences between the specificity of non-syndromic rhinolalia and syndromic rhinolalia. In the case of syndromic rhinolalia, it has been observed how optimal development and rehabilitation of language is influenced by association with Down syndrome and Pierre-Robin syndrome.

Keywords: open rhinolalia, non-syndromic rhinolalia, syndromic rhinolalia, voice disorder, speech disorder, speech intelligibility

DOI: 10.26744/rrttlc.2017.3.2.07

Published on line: 31/10/2017


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