Evaluare și intervenție logopedică în contextul întârzierii în dezvoltarea limbajului-

Evaluare și intervenție logopedică în contextul întârzierii în dezvoltarea limbajului

Assessment and therapy in speech and language delay

Florentina Mihaela MOȘNEAG

According to the literature, we are talking about a language delay when the child fails to reach the level of language evolution, compared to his chronological age. In fact, we know that language development is closely linked to cognitive development. Therefore, the structure of language is influenced by the degree of cognitive development. Knowing that the language delay may exists as a secondary pathology in most intellectual disabilities and can be recognized by the poverty of vocabulary, the inability to express themselves correctly in sentences or phrases, being reached phonetic, lexical and grammatical aspects, I wanted to surprise in this study the features of language development in young children oriented towards our school by proposing a complex, multidimensional approach to early assessment of language skills and capturing the effect of a multidimensional intervention program that will ultimately lead to the configuration of functional communication skills. Children included in this study are enrolled in the kindergarten group or in the preparatory class, aged between 4 and 8 years. These children are also diagnosed with mild or moderate intellectual disability.
The program took place in two stages. In the first stage, a multidimensional evaluation was performed, on all sides of the language by applying tests, scales or evaluation tests. The results obtained by the children were interpreted and presented at the level of some case studies. In the second stage, we proposed an intervention program that aims to enrich and activate vocabulary, by applying the „50 word-list technique- T⁵⁰”, training phonetic and phonological skills, those related to structural semantics and lexical semantics and shaping morphological skills, which will lead to the configuration of a functional communication skill related to chronological and mental age.

Keywords: language delay, communication skills, early assessment of language skills, multidimensional intervention program.

Published on line: 31/03/2021

Avramescu, M. D., (2007). Defectologie şi logopedie, Ediţia a 3-a, Bucureşti: Editura Fundaţiei România de Mâine;
Bodea-Hațegan, C., (2016). Logopedia-Terapia tulburărilor de limbaj. Structuri deschise, București: editura Trei;
Bodea Hațegan, C., (2014). Probă de evaluare a abilităţilor morfologice în limba română. Aplicaţii psiholingvistice, vol.III, Cluj- Napoca, edit.Argonaut, e-book;
Burlea, G., (2007). Tulburările limbajului scris-citit, București: Editura Polirom;
Law, J., Garrett, Z., Nye, C. (2005). Speech and Language Therapy Interventions for Children with Primary Speech and Language Delay or Disorder, The Campbell Collaboration; https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.4073/csr.2005.5;
Lyster, Solveig-Alma & Lervåg, Arne & Hulme, Charles. (2016). Preschool morphological training produces long-term improvements in reading comprehension. Reading and Writing; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4875956/;
Preda, V., (2007). Elemente de psihopedagogie speciala, Cluj-Napoca, editura Eikon;
Slama-Cazacu, T., (1999). Psiholingvistica, o ştiinţă a comunicării, Bucureşti, Editura All