Rinolalia deschisă în context sindromic și non-sindromic

Rinolalia deschisă în context sindromic și non-sindromic

Rhinolalia aperta in a syndromic and non-syndromic context

Oana-Maria ȘOMFELEAN
Abstract

This article describes the results obtained in a research which study the symptomatology of open rhinolalia in syndromic and non-syndromic context.
Open rhinolalia represents a real, complex, less common problem with major implications for language development, both organic and functional, and whose diagnosis, evaluation and intervention approach is poorly known and adopted in speech therapy practice.
The approach in the research of both the specifics of non-syndromic rhinolalia and syndromic rhinolalia aims at identifying the particularities and symptoms of this speech disorder and focuses mainly on the identification of the degree of development of expressive language and the intelligibility of speech, but also on finding the level and the type of the associated voice disorder and the similarities and differences between the specificity of non-syndromic rhinolalia and syndromic rhinolalia. In the case of syndromic rhinolalia, it has been observed how optimal development and rehabilitation of language is influenced by association with Down syndrome and Pierre-Robin syndrome.

Keywords: open rhinolalia, non-syndromic rhinolalia, syndromic rhinolalia, voice disorder, speech disorder, speech intelligibility
pdf

DOI: 10.26744/rrttlc.2017.3.2.07

Published on line: 31/10/2017

References:

Anca, M., Bodea Hațegan, C., Talaș, D. (2013). Pierre-Robin Syndrome: A Romanian Psycho-Pedagogical Case Report, Procedia- Social abd Behavioral Science, Volumul 78, 13 mai 2013, 245-249.

Băndilă, A., Rusu, C. (1999). Handicap și readaptare- Dicționar Selectiv : Psihopedagogie Specială. Defectologie medico-socială, București: Editura Pro Humanitate.

Bodea Hațegan, C. (2016). Logopedia.Terapia tulburărilor de limbaj. Structuri deschise, Cluj-Napoca: Editura Trei, 240-274.

Buckley, S. (1999). Improving the Speech and Language Skills of Children and Teenagers with Down Syndrome, Down Syndrome News and Update, Volumul I, Nr. 3, 111-128. Accesat în data de 18 februarie 2017, online la

https://www.down-syndrome.org/practice/146/practice-146.pdf

Crowley, L., Gist, K. L., Gregson, K. M., Hufnagle, K., Peterson Falzone, S., Smythe, C. N., Trivelpiece, R. (2010). Your Baby`s First Year, Cleft Palate Foundation, Chapel Hill, Carolina de Nord. Accesat în data de online la 9 noiembrie 2016, online la

http://www.cleftline.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/FYL-01.pdf

Evans, K. N. et al. (2011). Robin Sequence: From Diagnosis to Development of an Effective Management Plan, State- of- the- art review articles, American Academy of Pediatrics, Seattle. Accesat în data de 17 martie 2017, online la

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3387866/pdf/zpe936.pdfGuțu, M. (1974). Curs delogopedie.curs litografiat, Cluj-Napoca: Universitatea Babeș-Bolyai.

Kummer, W. A., Lee, L. (1996). Evaluation and Treatment of Resonance Disorders, Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Volumul 27, Iulie, 271-281.

Maftei, I., Chirilă, I. (2001). Malformații congenitale ale feței și maxilarelor. În Bulibașa,C. (2001). Chirurgie orală și maxilofacială,ediția a II-a, București: Editura Medicală.

Moldovan, I. (2006). Corectarea tulburărilor limbajului oral, Cluj-Napoca: Presa Universitară Clujeană.

Peterson-Falzone, S.J., Trost-Cardamone, J.E., Karnell, M.P., Hardin-Jones, M.A. (2006). The Clinician`s Guide to Treating Cleft Palate Speech, Missouri: Mosby Inc.

Roberts, J. E., Price, J., Malkin, C. (2007). Language and Communication Development in Down Syndrome,Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Reserch Reviews, Volumul XIII, 26-35. Accesat în data de 25 martie 2017, online la

http://users.clas.ufl.edu/msscha/PreMed/downsyndrom_communication.pdf

Tote, R. et al. (2014). Aspecte Clinico-Terapeutice ale Despicăturilor Labio-Maxilo-Palatine: Date din Literatură,Romanian Journal of Medical and Dental Education, Volumul 3, Ianuarie-Iunie, 57-62. Accesat în data de 20 octombrie 2016, online la

http://journal.adre.ro/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/ASPECTE-CLINICO-TERAPEUTICE-ALE-DESPICĂTURILOR-LABIO-MAXILO-PALATINE-DATE-DIN-LITERATURĂ.pdf

 

Speech and language therapy in open rhinolalia context

Terapia logopedică a rinolaliei deschise

Speech and language therapy in open rhinolalia context

Mirela BUTTA
Abstract

The general purpose of speech and language therapy, concerning rhinolalia, is removing the nasality from speech by developing a functional breathing ability, differentiating between nasal and oral breathing through the correct use of the epiglottis-laryngeal mechanism of closing.
In the case of the functional open rhinolalia, it is recommended the speech and language therapy to ensure the development of a correct articulator basis.
The speech therapy exercises are aiming especially the mobility of the velum and the coordination of the phonoarticulatory organs (for the mobility of the velum there are recommended exercises of blowing into different objects because the air under pressure is acting as a good massage for the velum; exercises done by blocking one nostril and trying to breathe; exercises of frequent deglutition of slight quantities of liquids).
The next stage of the therapy will be based on differentiating between the oral and the nasal breathing, on increasing the respiratory volume and precision and on prolonging the time of breathing out in verbal production.
After gaining control over the phonoarticulatory organs and the velum, phonetic exercises need to be implemented. It is important to put a great emphasis on the special gymnastics of each organ and on exercises of oral conduction of the respiratory wave. The sound producing must be obtained by using games and play therapy background.

Keywords: open rhinolalia, voice dysfunction, speech and language therapy, nasality, hipernasality
pdf

DOI: 10.26744/rrttlc.2016.2.2.07

Published on line: 15/10/2016

References:

Anca, M. (2002). Logopedie, Cluj-Napoca: Editura Presa Universitară Clujeană.

Anca, M.; Haţegan, C., (2008). Terapia limbajului. O abordare interdisciplinară, Cluj-Napoca: Editura Presa Universitară Clujeană.

Bejan, L., Drugaş, I., Hărdălău, L., (2009). Aplicaţii practice în Logopedie şi Psihologie şcolară, Oradea: Editura Primus.

Bodea Haţegan, C. (2016). Logopedia. Terapia tulburărilor de limbaj. Structuri deschise, Bucureşti: Editura Trei.

Jurcău, E., (2003). Logopedie, Bucureşti: Editura Didactică şi Pedagogică.

Moldovan, I. (2006). Corectarea tulburărilor limbajului oral, Cluj-Napoca: Editura Presa Universitară Clujeană.

Verza, E. (2009). Tratat de logopedie (vol 2), București: Editura Semne.

Vrăşmaş, E., Stănică, C. (1997). Terapia tulburărilor de limbaj. Intervenţii logopedice. Bucureşti: Editura Didactică şi Pedagogică.