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Longitudinal study regarding the frequency of speech disorders at the level of the speech therapy Nicolae Iorga office from Baia Mare
The main objectives of the longitudinal study were: (1) to show a significant increase in the frequency of language and communication disorders in primary school children, (2) to underline the importance of high quality language therapy services focused on prevention and early intervention.
The study began in 2007 and ended in 2017. Children diagnosed with language and communication disorders at the beginning of each school year were included in the study.
It was hypothesized that there was a significant increase in the frequency of the language and communication disorders during the eleven years of the study, especially in expressive language disorders like dyslalia. The participants in the study were evaluated, diagnosed and received specialized speech therapy.
The main findings of the study suggest an increase in the number of the cases identified with language disorders during 2007 and 2012. Between 2012 and 2017 the number of cases started decreasing due to the language therapy services provided in preschool children focused on prevention programs. It also showed a high percentage of children diagnosed with dislalia as compared to other language disorders like rhinolalia, dyslexia and fluency disorders.
Considering the findings of the study, language and speech therapy services must provide a focus on specialized therapy programs including prevention and early intervention involving parents and also preschool and primary school teachers
Keywords: language disorders, dyslalia, speech and language therapy services, prevention, early intervention.
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