Particularități ale intervenției logopedice în contextul tulburărilor de deglutiție la copiii cu paralizie cerebrală
The specific speech and language therapy approach focused on swallowing skills in children with cerebral palsy
There are studies that underscore the presence of swallowing disorders the in pediatric area, especially among children with disabilities. One of the most common causes of this occurrence are neurological disorders such as children with moderate and severe cerebral palsy. Swallowing disorders can have a significant impact on their development and general health. Reduced nutritional intake accompanied by deceleration weight, prolonged feeding, and especially respiratory complications, which are the major cause of premature mortality, are just some of the arguments that stress the importance of early intervention. The American Speech-Language-Hearing-Association (ASHA) reveals the important role of a speech therapist in the interdisciplinary team in initiating a specific intervention, in the context of the particular swallowing disorder. Based on these assumptions the purpose of this paper is to illustrate the particularities of a speech therapist’s intervention in the context of swallowing disorders in children with cerebral palsy. This shall begin with the steps of an assessment and a specific intervention focus on the use of sensorimotor therapy, including the counseling of the child’s family into the implementation of correct posture during swallowing, and the main maneuvers to facilitate swallowing.
Keywords: cerebral palsy, speech therapy, swallowing disorders, postural strategy, sensoriomotor therapy
Published on line: 15/10/2016
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