Particularități ale integrărilor și procesărilor senzoriale în tulburarea de spectru autist – TSA

Particularități ale integrărilor și procesărilor senzoriale în Tulburarea de spectru autist TSA

Features of sensorial processing and integration in ASD

Raluca Nicoleta TRIFU, Carolina BODEA-HAȚEGAN, Tania TUȘE

In recent years, the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders ASD has increased alarmingly, currently affecting 1 in 44 children according with CDC. The difficulties that people with ASD face are diverse, but sensory integration and processing problems are present in different ASD situations or settings. This study aims to reflect what are the sensory integration sensitivities reported by people with ASD and related to the age, the standard of living of the people, the gender of the participants, etc. A better understanding of the difficulties these individuals have may bring long-term functionality and impacts clinical and educational settings.
Keywords: ASD, Sensorial integration, sensorial processing, hypersensitivity, sensorial deficits


APA, 2022. (n.d.). – What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder? Retrieved October 30, 2022, from
Ausderau, K. K., Furlong, M., Sideris, J., Bulluck, J., Little, L. M., Watson, L. R., Boyd, B. A., Belger, A., Dickie, V. A., & Baranek, G. T. (2014). Sensory subtypes in children with autism spectrum disorder: Latent profile transition analysis using a national survey of sensory features. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 55(8), 935–944.
Baraskewich, J., Ranson, K. M. von, McCrimmon, A., & McMorris, C. A. (2021). Feeding and eating problems in children and adolescents with autism:A scoping review. Autism, 25(6), 1505.
Behrmann, M., & Minshew, N. J. (2015). Sensory processing in autism. Key Issues in Mental Health, 180(February), 54–67.
Blanche, E. I., Reinoso, G., Chang, M. C., & Bodison, S. (2012). Proprioceptive Processing Difficulties Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders and Developmental Disabilities. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 66(5), 621–624.
Bodison, S., Watling, R., Kuhaneck, H. M., & Henry, D. (2008). Frequently Asked Questions About Ayres Sensory Integration What is sensory integration or Ayres Sensory Integration ? In AOTA. www.usc.
CDC. (2022). Data & Statistics on Autism Spectrum Disorder | CDC.
Doernberg, E., & Hollander, E. (2016). Neurodevelopmental Disorders (ASD and ADHD): DSM-5, ICD-10, and ICD-11.
DSM-V APA, D. (2015). DSM-5, Manual de Diagnostic si Clasificare Statistica a Tulburarilor Mintale (APA (Ed.); 5th ed.). Callisto.–i7369
Dunn, W. (1997). The impact of sensory processing abilities on the daily lives of young children and their families: A conceptual model. Infants and Young Children, 9(4), 23–35.
Elsabbagh, M., Divan, G., Koh, Y. J., Kim, Y. S., Kauchali, S., Marcín, C., Montiel-Nava, C., Patel, V., Paula, C. S., Wang, C., Yasamy, M. T., & Fombonne, E. (2012). Global Prevalence of Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Autism Research, 5(3), 160–179.
Galle, S. A., Courchesne, V., Mottron, L., & Frasnelli, J. (2013). Olfaction in the Autism Spectrum: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1068/P7337, 42(3), 341–355.
Green, S. A., Hernandez, L., Tottenham, N., Krasileva, K., Bookheimer, S. Y., & Dapretto, M. (2015). Neurobiology of sensory overresponsivity in youth with autism spectrum disorders. JAMA Psychiatry, 72(8), 778–786.
Hannant, P., Tavassoli, T., & Cassidy, S. (2016). The Role of Sensorimotor Difficulties in Autism Spectrum Conditions. Frontiers in Neurology, 0(AUG), 124.
Jones, C. R. G., Happé, F., Baird, G., Simonoff, E., Marsden, A. J. S., Tregay, J., Phillips, R. J., Goswami, U., Thomson, J. M., & Charman, T. (2009). Auditory discrimination and auditory sensory behaviours in autism spectrum disorders. Neuropsychologia, 47(13), 2850–2858.
Kern, J. K., Garver, C. R., Grannemann, B. D., Trivedi, M. H., Carmody, T., Andrews, A. A., & Mehta, J. A. (2007). Response to vestibular sensory events in autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1(1), 67–74.
Kern, J. K., Trivedi, M. H., Garver, C. R., Grannemann, B. D., Andrews, A. A., Savla, J. S., Johnson, D. G., Mehta, J. A., & Schroeder, J. L. (2006). The pattern of sensory processing abnormalities in autism. Autism, 10(5), 480–494.
Livingston, L. A., Waldren, L. H., Walton, E., & Shah, P. (2022). Emotion processing differences mediate the link between sex and autistic traits in young adulthood. JCPP Advances, 2(3), 1–10.
M, B., C, T., & K, H. (2006). Seeing it differently: visual processing in autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10(6), 258–264.
Mansour, Y., Burchell, A., & Kulesza, R. J. (2021). Central Auditory and Vestibular Dysfunction Are Key Features of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 15(September), 1–12.
Marco, E. J., Hinkley, L. B. N., Hill, S. S., & Nagarajan, S. S. (2011). Sensory Processing in Autism: A Review of Neurophysiologic Findings. Pediatric Research, 69(5 Pt 2), 48R.
Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Mayes, R. D., & Molitoris, S. (2012). Autism and ADHD: Overlapping and discriminating symptoms. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6(1), 277–285.
Montserrat, A. (2005). Some elements about the prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders ( ASD ) in the European Union. Public Health, 1–16.
Stewart, C. R., Sanchez, S. S., Grenesko, E. L., Brown, C. M., Chen, C. P., Keehn, B., Velasquez, F., Lincoln, A. J., & Müller, R.-A. (2015). Sensory Symptoms and Processing of Nonverbal Auditory and Visual Stimuli in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2015 46:5, 46(5), 1590–1601.
Tavassoli, T., Bellesheim, K., Tommerdahl, M., Holden, J. M., Kolevzon, A., & Buxbaum, J. D. (2016). Altered tactile processing in children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism Research, 9(6), 616–620.
Tonacci, A., Billeci, L., Tartarisco, G., Ruta, L., Muratori, F., Pioggia, G., & Gangemi, S. (2015). Olfaction in autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review. Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1080/09297049.2015.1081678, 23(1), 1–25.
What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder? (n.d.).
WHO. (2017). Autism spectrum disorders.
**Notă: Date preliminare ale studiului de față au fost prezentate în cadrul conferinței Education and New Developments 2022. Madeira, Portugal, 18-20 iunie 2022.

Hearing processing features in autism spectrum disorders

Particularităţi ale procesării auditive în contextul tulburărilor din spectrul autist

Hearing processing features in autism spectrum disorders

Diana Loredana PINKO

It is known that children with ASD presents specific features of auditory processing and this research revealed that there is a close connection between hyposensitivity or hypersensitivity to auditory stimuli, which are responsible (for children with ASD) adopting stereotyped behaviours.
The assessment revealed that children with ASD, have a very fine hearing and they do not have problems with pronunciation of sounds at the level of words. Therefore it is clear that hyposensitivity or hypersensitivity to auditory stimuli is not caused by hearing problems, but that there are some irregularities in the processing of stimuli in the brain, in children with ASD. This means that these children hear but cannot gather certain information from the environment in a global way.
The child has difficulties in adapting to the environment he lives; his nervous system is in a state of imbalance. The brain fails to manage environmental information and does not know where to integrate them so the child could no longer cope with. Because of this the child may have a different reaction to auditory stimuli and behaviours they are engaged include: impulsiveness, stereotypes, inappropriate behaviours.
These behaviours are used by the child to try to reduce hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity, as a way of trying to cope with the environmental world, which he does not understand it.

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, auditory processing, auditory processing disorder, hyposensitivity, hypersensitivity.

DOI: 10.26744/rrttlc.2016.2.2.10

Published on line: 15/10/2016


American Psychiatric Association (2003). Manual de Diagnostic şi Statistică a Tulburărilor Mentale, a 4-a ediţie revizuită. Bucureşti: Asociaţia Psihiatrilor Liberi din România.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Bellis, T. J. (2013). Undestanding Auditory Processing Disorders in Children,

Bodea Haţegan, C., Talaş, D. (2015). Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Family Case Study, Baltic Journal of Special Education/Specialusis Ugdymas, 2 (33) 131-141.

Costache, A. (2013). Adaptarea unor modalități de intervenție psihopedagogică la copiii cu autism, Teză de Doctorat, Cluj-Napoca.

Gherguţ, A. (2001). Psihopedagogia persoanelor cu cerinţe speciale. Strategii de educaţie integrată, Iași: Editura Polirom.

Gherguţ, A. (2005). Sinteze de psihopedagogie specială. Ghid pentru concursuri şi examene de obţinere a gradelor didactice, Iași: Editura Polirom.

Juhel, J. (1997). La deficience intellectuelle: Connaître, comprendre, intervenir, Québec / Lyon: Les Presses de l’Universite Laval.

Mureşan, C. (2004). Autismul infantil. Structuri pshopatologice şi terapie complexă, Cluj-Napoca: Presa Universitară Clujeană.

Myles, B., Cooper Swanson, T., Holverstott, J., Moore Duncan, M. (2007). Autism Spectrum Disorders – A handbook for Parents and Professionals, vol.1, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc.

Stone, F. (2004). Autism – The Eighth Colour of The Rainbow. Learn to Speak Autistic, London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

William, D. (2015). Nimeni nicăieri, București: Editura Punkt.

XXX, (2008). Curriculum pentru grupele/grădiniţele pentru copii cu deficienţe grave, profunde sau asociate, prin Alternativa Educaţională de Pedagogie Curativă, Bucureşti.