Martie 2021, Vol.VII, Nr. 1
Revista Română de Terapia Tulburărilor de Limbaj și de Comunicare
Auto-compasiunea și auto-eficacitateaca – resurse personale în cazul terapeuților
Self-compassion and self-efficacity as personal resources for therapists
Raluca TRIFU, Bogdana MICLEA, Dana HERȚA, Smaranda PUȘCAȘU, Carolina BODEA HATEGAN, Horia COMAN
Self-compassion refers to the ability to show compassion, understanding and protection to oneself. It is operationalized by researcher Kristin Neff. Self-efficacy, proposed by Albert Bandura, refers to the perception of self and is related to the belief in one’s own abilities, in one’s own ability to solve situations.
The interest of the study aims the relationship between self-compassion and self-efficacy in the case of a distinct category, that of therapists, professionally faced with situations that require personal resources.
Methods: The level of self-compassion was assessed with the Self-Compassion Scale, 26 items, proposed by Kristin Neff. The level of self-efficacy was assessed using the New General Self-Efficacy Scale, the 8-item scale proposed by Gilad Chen & co (2001). Both questionnaires were distributed electronically. The data obtained were statistically analyzed and interpreted.
Results: In the professional categories investigated, there are underline links and relations between the two constructs, with professional implications. The results show (1) Therapists have high values in assessing self-efficacy; (2) Therapists have high values of self-compassion; (3) Therapists have a high level of self-compassion and a low level of self-criticism as indicated by the self-compassion sub-scales; (4) There is a direct relationship between self-efficacy and self-compassion; (5) Therapists with high level of self-compassion also have a high level of self-efficacy (6) The level of self-efficacy is influenced by age and professional experience. (7) The level of self-compassion is influenced by age and professional experience
Conclusion: The two concepts discussed are important in relation to certain professional categories and under the auspices of situations considered stressful and with emotional burden.
Keywords: self compassion, self efficacy, personal resources, therapist resources, Self-Compassion Scale
Impactul managementului disfagiei asupra calității vieții persoanelor cu accident vascular cerebral
The impact of Dysphagia on life quality in persons with cerebrovascular accident.
Raluca Mariana POPA
Keywords: dysphagia, life quality, celebral stroke, speech language therapy
Abordarea interdisciplinară a despicăturilor facio-labio-palatine
Interdisciplinary approach to facio-labio-palatine clefts
Ioana Mădălina ORIAN
The presented case study emphasizes the need of an interdisciplinary approach to labio-maxillo-palatine clefts and follows the recovery process from a multidisciplinary perspective. The conclusions of the paper support the idea that the recovery process of the child with facio-labio-palatine cleft is a complex, long-termed one and the concern of the speech and language therapist to expand his field of activity is justified because this disorder involves pre and post surgery intervention and the therapist supports the entire process in all the mentioned areas.
Keywords: labio-maxillo-palatine cleft, open rhinolalia, orthodontic devices, speech intelligibility, speech disorder
Studiu privind activitățile de prevenire a tulburărilor de limbaj în grădinițe
Investigative study regarding the prevention activities related with speech and language disorders in kindergartens
Simona Bianca ROȘCA
Following a preliminary documentation that consisted in the study of Romanian legislation, specialized literature, speech therapy aids, speech therapy software, sites with medical profile and special pedagogy, it was found an insufficient approach to prevention and we wanted to investigate what activities speech therapy teachers consider to be included in the concept of prevention. We also sought to find out to what extent speech therapists take into account the prevention part and what activities they carry out for this purpose. The results were limited and we see them from at least two perspectives: the small group of participants that led to limited data and the absence or quasi-absence of prevention in speech therapy, this being too little described in the literature and outlined as a methodology in school documents. The most common options chosen by language therapists for prevention were to carry out speech therapy activities in prevention groups under the age of 5 and to carry out information activities for educators and parents and only then screening activities
Keywords: communication skills, intellectual disabilities, verbal communication, special education, speech therapy, reading imagine
Diminuarea dificultāṭilor de predare-învāțare în sistemul on-line
Towards reducing the difficulties encountered in on-line teaching and learning
The efficient activity of and the results obtained by many teachers whose approach has been successful have shown the efficiency of integrated curricula whose teaching tasks are structured in learning sequences and whose testing patterns are personalized. By putting into practice, the principle of cognitive motivation development through an interactive process of teaching and learning that relies on structured learning sequences and employs personalized assessment techniques, reaching formative pedagogical objectives becomes possible even in the on-line teaching-learning system.
Keywords: online teaching system, online learning, motivation for learning, interactive process, structured learning sequences, personalised assessment
Rolul implicării parentale în procesul de intervenție logopedică
Parental Involvement in speech and language therapy intervention
By encouraging the parent’s active participation within the logopedic therapy, it is intended to teach them, so that they could continue the therapy in the child’s every day life.
Moreover, the therapeutic collaboration between the speech therapist, the child and the parents allow to valorise the observations made by the parents related to the child environment and every day life, completing the information obtained by the therapist during the complex evaluation of the child. Using this exhaustive information, the therapist is able to propose an intervention program that is personalised to the child’s needs.
Furthermore, in the context of the recent changing of the work paradigm, when the therapy sessions are conducted in the format of teletherapy, the collaboration and the support offered by the therapist to the parents is essential for the success of the intervention program.
Keywords: language delays, telepractice, therapeutic teem, speech and language theraphy
Autism, schizofrenie, ADHD. Perspective convergente
Autism, schizophrenia, ADHD. convergent approaches
Keywords: autism, schizophrenia, ADHD, diagnosis, partial overlap
Preachiziții în învățarea scris-cititului la copiii cu tulburări de invățare
Basic concepts related with reading and writing development in children with learning disabilities
To avoid school dropout, we focused on identifying these issues when a child starts school and apply a ten week program.
This program has two components, one for teachers and the other for students. The main goal is to identify if certain early development milestones have been met, memory and atention development and phonology conscience. The program has proved it’s eficacity even during the corona virus pandemic
Keywords: learning disabilities, early intervention, reading and writing
Evaluare și intervenție logopedică în contextul întârzierii în dezvoltarea limbajului
Assessment and therapy in speech and language delay
Florentina Mihaela MOȘNEAG
The program took place in two stages. In the first stage, a multidimensional evaluation was performed, on all sides of the language by applying tests, scales or evaluation tests. The results obtained by the children were interpreted and presented at the level of some case studies. In the second stage, we proposed an intervention program that aims to enrich and activate vocabulary, by applying the „50 word-list technique- T⁵⁰”, training phonetic and phonological skills, those related to structural semantics and lexical semantics and shaping morphological skills, which will lead to the configuration of a functional communication skill related to chronological and mental age.
Keywords: language delay, communication skills, early assessment of language skills, multidimensional intervention program.
Resursele materiale și virtuale utilizate în terapia tulburărilor de limbaj. Studiu descriptiv bazat pe focus-grup
Material and virtual resources used in speech and language therapy-a focus-group research
Carolina BODEA HAȚEGAN, Dorina TALAȘ, Raluca TRIFU
Keywords: Padlet, focus-group, SLT, resources, virtual resources, material resources