Nazalitate vs. nazalizare-de la evaluarea subiectivă, la evaluarea obiectivizată

Nazalitate vs. nazalizare-de la evaluarea subiectivă, la evaluarea obiectivizată

Nasality and nasalance-from the subjective to an objective assessment


Nasalance is an important concept in the field of resonance speech disorders as opposed to nasality. It ensures the objective measurements of the nasal production, aspect that reduces the value of nasality, for sure an older concept than nasalance. This article underlines especially the fact that both nasalance and nasality are two dimensions of the same reality, the assessment of resonances and that both of them are in the same time important and useful in order to establish a correct diagnosis and to prepare the suitable therapeutic program. The dispute nasalance and nasality is solved based on concrete application by using the nasometer and scales for measuring nasality. Conclusions support the idea that nasalance and nasality are two facets of the complex assessment in case of nasal resonance.

Keywords: nasalance, nasality, nasometer, voice disorders, functional voice

Published on line: 30/10/2020

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Speech and language therapy in open rhinolalia context

Terapia logopedică a rinolaliei deschise

Speech and language therapy in open rhinolalia context

Mirela BUTTA

The general purpose of speech and language therapy, concerning rhinolalia, is removing the nasality from speech by developing a functional breathing ability, differentiating between nasal and oral breathing through the correct use of the epiglottis-laryngeal mechanism of closing.
In the case of the functional open rhinolalia, it is recommended the speech and language therapy to ensure the development of a correct articulator basis.
The speech therapy exercises are aiming especially the mobility of the velum and the coordination of the phonoarticulatory organs (for the mobility of the velum there are recommended exercises of blowing into different objects because the air under pressure is acting as a good massage for the velum; exercises done by blocking one nostril and trying to breathe; exercises of frequent deglutition of slight quantities of liquids).
The next stage of the therapy will be based on differentiating between the oral and the nasal breathing, on increasing the respiratory volume and precision and on prolonging the time of breathing out in verbal production.
After gaining control over the phonoarticulatory organs and the velum, phonetic exercises need to be implemented. It is important to put a great emphasis on the special gymnastics of each organ and on exercises of oral conduction of the respiratory wave. The sound producing must be obtained by using games and play therapy background.

Keywords: open rhinolalia, voice dysfunction, speech and language therapy, nasality, hipernasality

DOI: 10.26744/rrttlc.2016.2.2.07

Published on line: 15/10/2016


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