Tulburarea din spectrul autist. Abordare din perspectivă psiholingvistică

Tulburarea din spectrul autist. Abordare din perspectivă psiholingvistică

Autism spectrum disorder. A psycholinguistic approach

Ioana IRIMIA
Abstract

Psycholinguistic is definited as the study of the language of the mind. People with ASD have language disorders. In order to disguise their problems, these people use pre-prepared and learned phrases. Another language-related problem is the presence of echolalia, but the presence of echolalia does not influence the average length the sentence, just as the use of conjunctions or prepositions, or abstract words, does not influence the average length. What does influence the average lenght of the utterance is the number of new words used.

Keywords: psycholinguistics, autism spectrum disorder, language disorders, echolalia, mean legth of utterance
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DOI:10.26744/rrttlc.2024.10.1.11
Published on line: 03/31/2024
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Abordare din perspectivă psiholigvistică a limbajului și comunicării în tulburarea de spectru autist (TSA)

Abordare din perspectivă psiholigvistică a limbajului și comunicării în tulburarea de spectru autist (TSA)

A psycholinguist approach of language and communication in autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Ioana IRIMIA
Abstract

Psycholinguistics is a field that combines methods and theories from psychology and linguistics to gain a fuller understanding of human language. The connection between the human psyche and language is the focus of research in psycholinguistics. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a common and heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by language impairment, social and communicative deficits and repetitive behaviours. Echolalia is considered a predominant feature of ASD. Early intervention should be started as soon as a diagnosis is made, as social, play and language domains do not develop at the expected rate or in the expected multimodal, integrated manner. Using the language sample analysis technique, it is observed that echolalia and the number of abstract words do not influence mean utterance length, but the number of novel words correlates with mean utterance length. The psycholinguistic approach helps to gain a deeper understanding of language deficits and influences speech therapy intervention.

Keywords: psycholinguistics, autism spectrum disorder, early intervention, the average length of the utterance
pdf

DOI:10.26744/rrttlc.2023.9.1.08
Published on line: 10/30/2023
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